Start your visit with the discovery of language. What is language? How do we recognise it? How different species communicate? How do we produce sounds? … You will find the answers to these questions in this dedicated space, and don’t forget to test your knowledge before continuing your visit!

Key definitions


Everyone knows the definition of a word, of language …
But are you really sure? What is double articulation?

  • Definitions: Languages / Language / Speech
  • Double articulation
  • Prescription & description

Phonology / Discovering sounds

Do we all speak the same way? Do we produce the same sounds? How does our body produce sound?

  • Definitions: Phonetics & Phonology
  • Definition: Prosody
  • Acoustic phonetics
  • The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)
  • Series of movies with phonetic subtitles
  • Phonological systems of six languages
  • The various types of phones and the articulation zone
  • Tonal languages
  • Click languages
  • Whistled languages
  • Whispers

Playing with sounds / Phonology games

Test your ear with the quiz, extracts from soundtracks…

  • Languages spoken by foreigners
  • Languages spoken in regions
  • World languages (easy and advanced levels)
  • Regional languages
  • Accents

Language partners

Do we only communicate with our voice? Discover the different ways that we express ourselves: nonverbal communication, tone, voice, context …

  • Gestures
  • Images
  • Voice
  • Context
  • Practical science
  • Writing
  • Talking with your hands: The Italian example
  • Smilies
  • A dictionary of gestures

The semantics / Discovering the meaning of words

Analyse the nature of linguistic signs: the signified and the signifier, the concrete and the abstract. Discover the difference between what we mean and how we say it.

  • Onomatopoeia
  • Animal sounds
  • Notions: abstract & concrete
  • Definitions: metaphor & metonymy
  • Some concepts

Lexicology / Discovering words

Did you know that the word is an elusive concept around the world? Find out why. Jobs closely related to words. And when humans are replaced by machines: delve into the workings of machine translation.

  • Definition: the word
  • How does vocabulary expand?
  • Job focus: lexicographer
  • Job focus: translator
  • Job focus: interpreter
  • Job focus: audiovisual translator
  • Can you trust Google Translate? Some funny examples
  • Machine translation
  • Lost in translation: the case of “Spanish Mundolingua”
  • Translation & economy: the cost of translations for the European Parliament in Brussels

Grammar & syntax

Learn to dissect sentences. Discover their nature, structure and function. Grammar has never been so much fun!

  • Grouping languages by type
  • The shapes and types of languages
  • Syntax: an overview
  • Verb scrolls
  • Focus on syntax perception: Chomsky’s Tree
  • Focus on syntax perception: Tesnière’s Planets
  • Focus on syntax perception: the building blocks of a sentence
© Mundolingua - Tous droits réservés